Hypercholesterolemia is a major complication of arteriosclerosis. Mast cells in arteriosclerosis plaques induce inflammatory reactions and promote arterial sclerosis. In this study, we evaluated the pharmacological effects of simvastatin (SV)-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors on the degranulation of rat basophilic leukemia (RBL)-2H3 cells, which are commonly used as mast cell models. SV significantly decreased the degranulation induced by three types of stimulation: antigen antibody reaction (Ag-Ab), thapsigargin (Tg) serosal endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase (SERCA) inhibitor, and A23187 calcium ionophore. SV had a stronger inhibitory effect on degranulation induced by Ag-Ab stimulation than the other two stimulations. However, SV did not inhibit increase of intracellular Ca concentrations. Mevalonate or geranylgeraniol co-treatment with SV completely prevented the inhibitory effect of SV on the degranulation induced by these stimulations. Immunoblotting results showed that SV inhibited protein kinase C (PKC) delta translocation induced by Ag-Ab but not by Tg or A23187. SV induced a reduction in active Rac1, and actin filament rearrangement. In conclusion, SV inhibits RBL-2H3 cell degranulation by inhibiting downstream signaling pathways, including the sequential degranulation pathway. These inhibitory effects were completely reversed by the addition of geranylgeraniol and might be induced by changes in the translocation of the small guanosine 5′-triphosphatase (GTPase) families Rab and Rho, which are related to vesicular transport PKC delta translocation and actin filament formation, respectively. These changes are caused by the inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase by SV following the synthesis of geranylgeranyl pyrophosphates, which play important roles in the activation of small GTPases, Rab.