A significant number of patients diagnosed with localized urological cancers experience relapse and disease progression after surgery. Hence, molecular markers for patient risk stratification are needed to improve the current management guidelines. This article critically reviews for the first time, to our knowledge, the promise of metabolomics-based approaches to identify metabolic signatures as candidate prognostic biomarkers to predict recurrences at the time of surgery in prostate cancer (PCa), bladder cancer (BCa), and renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Dysregulations in the levels of several tumoral, circulating, and excreted metabolites have been reported in PCa patients experiencing recurrence within 1.5 to 8 years of follow-up. The combination of these metabolic biomarkers with clinical parameters (e.g., pathological T stage, Gleason score) has shown great potential to improve the predictive ability of PCa recurrence. In contrast, predictive biomarkers of recurrence in BCa and RCC have been poorly explored. Overall, this review highlights the great potential of metabolomics in discovering prognostic biomarkers for a more accurate patient risk stratification in urological cancers.Copyright © 2023. Published by Elsevier B.V.