Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) Danish strain 1331 (CattleBCG) is currently the lead vaccine candidate for the control of bovine tuberculosis (TB) in cattle in GB, where prior vaccination has shown to result in a significant reduction in bovine TB pathology induced by infection with Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis). A critical knowledge gap in our understanding of CattleBCG is the duration of immunity post vaccination at the minimum intended vaccine dose. To this end, we performed an experiment where calves were vaccinated with a targeted dose of 10 CFU and, after a period of 52 weeks, experimentally infected with M. bovis. Post mortem examination performed 13 weeks after infection revealed a statistically significant reduction in the severity of TB pathology in the CattleBCG vaccinated group compared with the unvaccinated control group. Additionally, this study allowed us to further assess the diagnostic performance of a defined antigen DIVA reagent (DST-F) developed to detect infected amongst vaccinated animals. Our results demonstrate that when used in a skin test format, DST-F showed high specificity (100 %) in BCG-vaccinated animals when tested prior to infection, whilst detecting all infected animals when re-tested after infection. Furthermore, we also present results supporting the use of the DST-F reagent in an interferon-gamma release assay. In conclusion, the results of this study demonstrate a 52-week duration of immunity following administration of a minimum dose of CattleBCG. This evidence will be a fundamental component in our efforts to apply for UK marketing authorisation to enable vaccination of cattle as a significant additional control measure in the ongoing fight against bovine TB in GB.Copyright © 2023. Published by Elsevier Ltd.