Pelvic surgery for endometriosis is associated with a risk of bladder and digestive sequelae. Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) has been shown to be effective in the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB) and voiding dysfunction (VD). This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) in treating voiding dysfunction (VD) following endometriosis surgery. A retrospective analysis was conducted on data from women who underwent SNM testing for persistent VD after endometriosis surgery. The study included 21 patients from a French tertiary referral center. Patient characteristics, lower urinary tract symptoms, urodynamic findings, SNM procedures, and outcomes were assessed. The primary outcome was the success of SNM treatment for VD. After a median follow-up of 55 months, 60% of patients achieved successful outcomes, with significant improvements of VD and quality of life. Moreover, more than half of patients who required clean intermittent self-catheterization (CISC) before SNM were able to wean off CISC. Complications such as infections and paraesthesia were observed, but overall, SNM was found to be effective and well tolerated. Age and the interval between endometriosis surgery and SNM testing were associated with treatment success. This study adds to the limited existing literature on SNM for VD after endometriosis surgery and suggests that SNM can be a valuable therapeutic option for these patients. Further research is needed to identify predictive factors and mechanisms underlying the effectiveness of SNM in this context. MRI-compatible and rechargeable devices, has improved the feasibility of SNM for these patients. In conclusion, SNM offers promise as a treatment option for persistent VD after endometriosis surgery, warranting further investigation. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.