Due to the increasing number of periprosthetic femoral fractures (PFF), the optimisation of implant design gains importance. For the presented research a validated, subject specific finite element model of a human femur with an inlying total hip stem was used to compare the influence of different geometrical implant parameters on the development of PFF. The heterogeneous bone tissue was modelled on the basis of computed tomography scans. A ductile damage model with element deletion was applied to simulate bone fracture in a load case re-enacting a stumbling scenario. The results were compared in terms of fracture load, subsidence and fracture pattern to analyse the influence of friction at the implant-bone interface, implant size and stem length. The results showed that higher friction coefficients lead to an increase of fracture load. Also, the usage of an oversized implant has a negligible effect while an undersized implant reduces the fracture load by 48.9% for the investigated femur. Lastly, a higher fracture load was reached with an elongated stem, but the bending and change in fracture path indicate a more distal force transmission and subsequent stress shielding in the proximal femur.Copyright © 2023. Published by Elsevier Ltd.